09 June 2023. Authored by Benjamin Thompson. Expected time usage: 6 minutes.
Understanding the Difference between Raster and Vector Images
📷🔍Raster and vector images are the two most common image file types used on the web. Understanding the difference between the two is vital in choosing the right file types when creating graphics. Raster images are composed of a number of dots or pixels. When you enlarge or shrink a raster image, the dots or pixels are stretched or shrunk as well, resulting in a loss of quality or blurry image.
📐👨🔬Vector images, on the other hand, are composed of paths and shapes that can be scaled infinitely without losing their quality. Instead of being composed of a fixed number of pixels, vector graphics are composed of mathematical equations that represent the image. This means that you can enlarge or shrink the image and the quality of the image remains the same or even improved. So, if you are creating a poster, a graphic with text, or a logo, you are better off using vector files.
To convert a raster image to a vector image, you will need a vectorization software. Some popular vectorization software includes Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, and Inkscape.
Choosing the Right Software for the Job
🖥️💻Choosing the right software for the job when converting a raster image to a vector file is crucial. The right software will ensure the best results with minimal effort. There are two categories of software: online and desktop software. Online vectorization software is convenient as it doesn’t require any installation, and you can use it from any device. Some trustworthy online vectorization software includes Vector Magic, Convertio, and RapidResizer.
🖥️👨💻Desktop software is also popular, especially for more complex vectorization projects. Desktop software usually offers more functionality than online software and can work with larger image files. Some popular desktop vectorization software includes Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, and Inkscape. These software programs require installation but often come with a wider range of tools and features that offer greater flexibility and control.
If you want to convert your PDF files to a vector file format like DXF, you can use specialized software to do it. Check out this Convert PDF to DXF guide for a step-by-step guide on how to convert PDF files to DXF files with ease.
Tracing Raster Images to Create Vector Graphics
🎨🎉One of the coolest things about converting raster images to vector graphics is that you can easily modify and manipulate the image without compromising on quality. To trace raster images, you will need a vector graphics software. Some popular vector graphics tools include Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, and Inkscape. Before tracing, first, decide on the type of vector output you want. There are two primary options – single path/path or shape layers.
👨🎨👩🎨Here is a quick tip: If you are tracing a logo or graphic with only one or a few colors, choose the single path option. This option will generate fewer anchor points and improve the editing process. If you are working on a more complex image, use the shape layers option. The shape layers option will generate numerous anchor points and result in a more detailed vector image. Check out this helpful guide Convert PNG to SVG: How to Vectorize Your Image for a beginner’s guide to converting PNG to SVG for vectorization.
Adjusting and Refining Vector Graphics
🎨🔧Converting raster images to vector graphics is just the first step of the process in creating an art masterpiece. The vector graphics will need some refining and tweaking to achieve the best results. Once you have your new vector graphics, you can refine it using a vector graphics tool such as Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, or Inkscape.
👨🎨👩🎨Here is a quick tip: As you refine your vector graphics, ensure that you retain its scalability property. You can do this by avoiding using raster files such as BMP, GIF, or JPG. Instead, choose raster files such as TIF, PSD, or PNG that support transparent backgrounds or vector file formats that include AI or EPS files. Check out this link for the beginner’s guide to converting PNG to SVG for some helpful tips.
📝🖍️Once you are happy with your vector graphics, you can add some finishing touches and effects. Some popular effects include blur, texture, and drop shadow. You can also add some text and a background color to create a complete artwork. So, go ahead and unleash your creativity and transform your images from blurry to crisp.
Exporting and Using Vector Graphics in Various Applications
🌎💻Once you have successfully converted a raster image to a vector graphic, you may want to export it to various applications for use. The most common formats for vector graphics are SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) and PDF (Portable Document Format).
🌐✉️SVG is an XML-based vector image format that is designed to be used on the web. It is widely supported by most web browsers and can be edited using any text editor or vector graphics software. On the other hand, PDF is a file format used to display documents independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems. PDF files can easily be viewed on different devices without losing the quality of the image. Converting vector graphics to PDF format is important if you plan on printing them or sharing them in a document.
If you want to learn how to convert PNG images to vector graphics for more accurate results, check out this Convert PNG to Vector—For Accurate Results guide.
Tips and Tricks to Achieve the Best Results When Converting Raster Images to Vector Graphics
🖼️🕶️When it comes to converting raster images to vector graphics, there are several tips and tricks you can use to achieve the best results. First, try to use the highest-quality source image possible. This will ensure that the vector image is as accurate and detailed as possible.
🎲⚙️Another tip is to experiment with the different options and settings available in your vectorization software. Most software programs allow you to adjust the threshold, smoothing, and color settings to get the desired results. It may take some trial and error to find the settings that work best for your image.
🔍🖍️You may also need to do some manual editing to clean up the converted image. This could involve removing unwanted lines or adjusting the shape of certain elements. Most vector graphics software comes with a range of editing tools that can help you refine the final image.